Food Contact Materials Regulations Top 10 Frequently Asked Questions
Q: What are food contact materials and food contact products?
A: Food contact materials, Food Contact Materials (FCM), refers to materials that are in contact with food in normal or predictable use. Part or all of the parts for food contact materials products, can be called food contact products, such as electric kettles, coffee machines, rice cookers, spoon, food bags and so on.
Q: What materials can be used as food contact materials?
A: Common materials can be used as food contact materials, including plastic, metal, rubber, silicone, paper, glass, ceramics, enamel, wood (bamboo), paint, etc., subject to the requirements of the corresponding regulations or standards.
Q: Why do food contact products not only meet the general environmental requirements, but also need to meet the higher safety standards?
A: food contact materials in contact with food in the process, may affect the food smell, taste and color, more likely to release a certain amount of toxic and harmful ingredients such as heavy metals, additives, polymer monomer, these chemical components will migrate To the food and then by the human body intake, direct harm to human health. As a result, food contact materials need to meet higher safety standards than general products.
Q: What are the food regulations in the world? Are the requirements of these regulations consistent, or that the laws of the country are the most stringent?
A: The world's food safety materials are given a high degree of concern, have legislation or the development of specialized standards to control. At present, in view of the living standards and the number of population factors, the EU, the United States, China, Japan and South Korea in this area of legislation by the highest degree of attention, such as the industry is familiar with the European Union (EC) No 1935/2004, 21 CFR 170-189, China's "Food Safety Law of the People's Republic of China", Japan's "Food Sanitation Law" and the Ministry of Health and Welfare Announcement, South Korea's "Food Sanitation Law"; at the same time, some emerging markets, food contact materials laws and regulations began to enter the export business , Such as South America, Southeast Asia, Russia, the Middle East, South Africa and other regions.
Because of the different legislative ideas, national food contact materials, regulatory system is quite different, so it can not evaluate which country's most stringent laws and regulations. In the case of the European Union, for example, the European and French countries, such as Germany, France, Italy and other countries, have a similar level of similarity to the EU-level legislation system, but still have their own characteristics.
Q: EU regulations on food contact materials (EC) No 2023/2006 What are the specific requirements? Is product testing qualified to meet the regulatory requirements?
A: (EC) No 2023/2006 is the European Union's Good Manufacturing Practices (GMP) requirements for food contact materials, requiring enterprises to establish the necessary quality management system to ensure that the food contact materials produced comply with the regulations (EC) No 1935/2004 The request. The necessary testing of the raw materials and finished products of the product can be considered as a link in the quality management system, but it can not be considered that the product testing is qualified to establish a good manufacturing specification. The enterprise also needs to strengthen the quality management of other links and establish a complete set Of the quality management system.
Q: What are the differences between the three test items in the full contact, total extract and evaporation residue in the food contact materials test?
A: A comprehensive migration refers to the total amount of material transferred to a particular food simulator at a particular temperature, at a particular time, and in food contact materials. The overall migration, total extract and evaporation residue are consistent from the purpose of the test and the principle, except that the names are different in different countries or regions. The EU region is called a total migration, the United States known as the total extract, East Asia (such as China, Japan, Korea) known as evaporation residue.
Q: What are the factors to be taken into account when determining whether a material meets regulatory and standard requirements?
A: As we all know, the characteristics of different materials are different, a variety of food on the material "erosion" is also different. When determining whether a material meets the relevant regulations and standards for food contact materials, consider the specific types of materials, the type of food, the conditions of use (time, temperature), the country of origin of the product, and sometimes even the specific Chemical composition and external physical structure.
Q: Electronic and electrical products in contact with food are often made up of a wide range of materials. Does all materials meet the requirements of food contact materials? How can I effectively reduce test costs?
A: Only materials that are in contact with food need to comply with food contact materials regulations and standards. Even so, due to the complex structure of electrical and electronic products, and sometimes there will be a product in a number of materials and food contact situation, if the test by the material will produce a higher test cost. At this point can consider the whole machine food contact materials test program.